Coping styles – active and avoidant
Coping is the effort you put in to reducing the negative impacts of stress. Your coping style is a combination of attitudes, behaviours, prior experiences, and learning.
There are two types of coping styles: active, and avoidant
Active coping style
Carers with an active coping style actively try to alleviate their stress. They work at controlling their response to things that cause them stress so they can change the nature of the stressor or how they think about it.
Activities that indicate an active coping style can include:
• taking care of yourself – body, mind and spirit
• talking with someone about your concerns
• recording your feelings in a journal
• allocating time each day to do something you enjoy (e.g. getting a massage, listening to music, watching a movie)
• developing your interests, and engaging in work, education or hobbies.
Avoidant coping style
Carers with an avoidant coping style disconnect from the situation rather than working through it. They do not directly address their stress.
This coping style does not allow for effective stress management.
Activities that indicate an avoidant coping style can include:
• using alcohol, cigarettes and other drugs to relax
• over- or under-eating
• blaming others for the stress you feel
• angry outbursts